Computational model-based design of molten salt electrorefining process for high-purity zirconium metal recovery from spent nuclear fuel

Cited 2 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 23
  • Download : 0
Effective decontamination methods for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) cladding are required to recycle Zr, which is a valuable resource, by separating high purity Zr from the actinides. In this study, computational modeling is performed on an electrorefiner to achieve high-purity Zr metal recovery without ZrCl and U from SNF Zircaloy-4 cladding utilizing a commercial fluid dynamics code. A three-dimensional (3D) electrorefining model specialized in simulation of multistep electrochemical reduction (eg, two-step reduction of Zr(IV) to Zr via ZrCl) is developed by coupling the numerical models of the Butler-Volmer equation and fluid dynamics. This model is validated by benchmarking the chemical formula of cathode deposits obtained from lab-scale electrorefining experiments utilizing fresh Zircaloy-4. The computational results are consistent with the compositions of Zr and ZrCl in the cathode deposits, depending on the initial ZrCl(4)concentrations. Based on the developed 3D model, a pilot-scale electrorefiner for the SNF cladding is simulated with several derived design parameters. The effects of rotating anode and cathode, potential range, molten salt weight, and the number of anode baskets are determined to optimize the electrorefiner design to achieve the suppression of ZrCl and U codeposition. The electrorefiner throughput when employing the optimized design and operating conditions is predicted to be 0.1 to 0.2 ton/y, as only pure Zr metal is recovered.
Publisher
WILEY
Issue Date
2021-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, v.45, no.8, pp.11775 - 11790

ISSN
0363-907X
DOI
10.1002/er.5724
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/285886
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 2 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0