BOTANI: High-fidelity Multiphysics Model for Boron Chemistry in CRUD Deposits

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We develop a new high-fidelity multiphysics model to simulate boron chemistry in the porous Chalk River Unidentified Deposit (CRUD) deposits. Heat transfer, capillary flow, solute transport, and chemical reactions are fully coupled. The evaporation of coolant in the deposits is included in governing equations modified by the volume-averaged assumption of wick boiling. The axial offset anomaly (AOA) of the Seabrook nuclear power plant is simulated. The new model reasonably predicts the distributions of temperature, pressure, velocity, volumetric boiling heat density, and chemical concentrations. In the thicker CRUD regions, 60% of the total heat is removed by evaporative heat transfer, causing boron species accumulation. The new model successfully shows the quantitative effect of coolant evaporation on the local distributions of boron. The total amount of boron in the CRUD layer increases by a factor of 1.21 when an evaporation-driven increase of soluble and precipitated boron concentrations is reflected. In addition, the concentrations of B(OH)3 and LiBO2 are estimated according to various conditions such as different CRUD thickness and porosity. At the end of the cycle in the AOA case, the total mass of boron incorporated in CRUD deposits of a reference single fuel rod is estimated to be about 0.5 mg. © 2020 Korean Nuclear Society
Publisher
KOREAN NUCLEAR SOC
Issue Date
2021-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, v.53, no.5, pp.1676 - 1685

ISSN
1738-5733
DOI
10.1016/j.net.2020.11.008
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/285396
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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