(A) study on the change of neural response patterns associated with long-term memory traces in the hippocampus = 해마에서 장기기억 유지와 관련된 신경활성 패턴 변화에 대한 연구

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Declarative memory including semantic and episodic memories refers to those memories that can be explicitly stated or consciously recalled. The declarative memory has been considered to be crucial for communications in our daily life and for the development of human culture. The medial temporal lobe regions are known to be critically involved in the formation and maintenance of declarative memory. Especially, prior studies have suggested that declarative learning enhances neural activity in the hippocampus and that such neural activity is associated with memory consolidation processes. However, it is still unclear whether neural representations of stimuli change during learning, and whether the change in neural representations reflects retention of the declarative memory. Herein, we combined an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and association memory paradigms to investigate the relationship between the change in neural representations during declarative learning and the subsequent memory retention in the hippocampus. Using trial-by-trial similarity analysis during learning, we found that between-stimulus pattern similarity for associated stimuli significantly increased during learning in the left hippocampus. Moreover, the change in representational similarity between associated stimuli was significantly correlated with the subsequent memory performance at retrieval one day or four weeks after learning. The same tendency was also found in the entorhinal cortex of the medial temporal lobe regions, especially for the memory performance at retrieval four weeks after learning. In the visual cortex, the change in representational similarity was not correlated with the subsequent memory performance while pattern stability for the same stimulus was correlated with the subsequent memory performance. These results suggest that the change in neural representations in the medial temporal lobe regions, especially the hippocampus, during learning reflects the maintenance of the declarative memory.
Advisors
Lee, Sue-Hyunresearcher이수현researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :바이오및뇌공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2020
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 바이오및뇌공학과, 2020.2,[ii, 38 p. :]

Keywords

Declarative memory▼aLearning▼aNeural representation▼afMRI▼aHippocampus▼aMVPA; 서술기억▼a학습▼a신경표상▼a기능적자기공명영상▼a해마▼a다중복셀패턴분석

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/283768
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=901469&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BiS-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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