Iron Gall Ink Revisited: A Surfactant-Free Emulsion Technology for Black Hair-Dyeing Formulation

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Inspired by the redox reactions in the preparation of the iron gall ink that has been used in Europe since the Middle Ages, we developed a technology for forming the oil-in-water emulsions, without any surfactants and emulsifiers, by homogenizing a mixture of tannic acid, gallic acid, Fe(D-gluconate)(2), and natural oil, which are all approved as cosmetic ingredients. Various plant-derived oils, such as argan oil, olive oil, sunflower oil, grape seed oil, hemp seed oil, peppermint oil, rosemary oil, and ylang-ylang oil, were used as an oil phase for the emulsion formation, and all the fabricated emulsions exhibited the capability of black hair-dyeing. This surfactant-free emulsion technology for combining the hair-dyeing capability of Fe3+-tannin complex with the hair-fortifying property of natural oil would have great impact on the hair-cosmetic industry.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2021-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

COSMETICS, v.8, no.1

ISSN
2079-9284
DOI
10.3390/cosmetics8010009
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/282790
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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