Solid-phase recombinase polymerase amplification using an extremely low concentration of a solution primer for sensitive electrochemical detection of hepatitis B viral DNA

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Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is considered one of the best amplification methods for realizing a miniaturized diagnostic instrument; however, it is notably challenging to obtain low detection limits in solid-phase RPA. To overcome these difficulties, we combined solid-phase RPA with electrochemical detection and used a new concentration combination of three primers (surface-bound forward primer, solution reverse primer, and an extremely low concentration of solution forward primer). When solid-phase RPA was performed on an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode modified with a surface-bound forward primer in a solution containing a biotin-terminated solution reverse primer, an extremely low concentration of a solution forward primer, and a template DNA or genomic DNA for a target gene of hepatitis B virus (HBV), amplification occurred mainly in solution until all the solution forward primers were consumed. Subsequently, DNA amplicons produced in solution participated in solid-phase amplification involving surface-bound forward primer and solution reverse primer. Afterward, neutravidin-conjugated DT-diaphorase (DT-D) was attached to a biotin-terminated DNA amplicon on the ITO electrode. Finally, chronocoulometric charges were measured using electrochemical-enzymatic redox cycling involving the ITO electrode, 1,4-naphthoquinone, DT-D, and reduced beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. The detection limit for HBV was measured using microfabricated electrodes and was found to be approximately 0.1 fM. This proposed method demonstrated better amplification efficiency for HBV genomic DNA than solid-phase RPA without using additional solution primer and asymmetric solid-phase RPA.
Publisher
ELSEVIER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY
Issue Date
2021-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS, v.179

ISSN
0956-5663
DOI
10.1016/j.bios.2021.113065
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/282453
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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