Analytic study on pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics for low reynolds number flow in spirally finned tubes

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Analytic solutions of the velocity and temperature profiles for a low Reynolds number flow in a spirally finned tube are obtained. The cross-sectional shape of the unit channel of the spirally finned tube is described by an annular sector with an inner radius r(i), an outer radius r(o), and an apex angle 2 alpha. The channel is twisted about its longitudinal axis with a twist length H. To simplify the problem, it is assumed that the swirling effect is negligible, which is valid for low Reynolds number flows. By using an appropriate coordinate transformation, the fully-developed flow in the spirally finned tube can be treated as a quasi-2-dimensional flow. The perturbation method is used to solve the transformed momentum and energy equations for forced convection in the tube subject to the uniform heat flux condition. The Poiseuille and Nusselt numbers are obtained by using the analytic solutions for the velocity and temperature profiles. The values of fRe and Nu are presented in terms of the geometrical parameters, 2 alpha, R-i = r(i)/r(o), and omega = 2 pi r(o)/H. The results obtained from the analytic solutions show good agreement with numerical results for omega <= 0.5 and Re < 21/omega. These analytic solutions are useful for optimizing the thermal performance of the spirally finned tube under various constraints. To illustrate their usefulness, the thermal resistance of a spirally finned tube under the constraint of fixed pumping power is evaluated. Based on the analytic solutions, the optimum fin geometry for which a minimum thermal resistance is attained can be analytically determined for a given non-dimensional pumping power. Furthermore, correlations of the optimum fin number and optimum twist ratio are presented in this study. According to the results, for relatively low pumping power conditions (P-pump* <= P-pump,P-crit*), the straight finned tube has better thermal performance than that of the spirally finned tube, and the optimum fin number increases as the pumping power increases. On the other hand, For relatively high pumping power conditions, (P-pump* >= P-pump,P-crit*);the spirally finned tube has better thermal performance than that of the straight finned tube. The optimum twist ratio and the fin number increase as the pumping power increases.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2020-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, v.158

ISSN
0017-9310
DOI
10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.119849
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281908
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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