Strategic implementation of phosphorus repletion strategy in continuous two-stage cultivation of Chlorella sp. HS2: Evaluation for biofuel applications

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Lipid production in microalgae under nitrogen (N) starved condition can be enhanced by excess phosphorus (P) supply in the second stage of two-stage cultivation strategy. However, implementing two-stage cultivation is difficult in large-scale cultivation system as it requires high energy of transferring large algal biomass from first stage to second stage. To address this problem, we have optimized a continuous two-stage (CTS) cultivation strategy using Chlorella sp. HS2, where nitrogen in the growth environment is depleted naturally via consumption. To enhance both biomass and lipid productivity this strategy explored supplementation of additional P from 50% to 2500% of the initial concentration at the start of N-limited second stage of growth. The results of the optimization study in photobioreactor (PBR) showed that supplementing 500% of initial P and 100% of initial other nutrients (O) (N-0-P-500-O-100) on 5th day showed the maximum biomass productivity of 774.4 mg L-1 d(-1). It was observed that Chlorella sp. HS2 grown in PBR yielded higher biomass (3.8 times), lipid (6.1 times) and carbohydrate (5.5 times) productivity in comparison to the open raceway ponds (ORP) study, under optimum nutrient and carbon supply condition. The maximum lipid (289.6 mg L-1 d(-1)) and carbohydrate (219.2 mg L-1 d(-1)) productivities were obtained in TPBR-3, which were 1.9 and 1.3 times higher than that of TPBR-2 (+ve control) and 9.6 and 3.7 times higher than that of TPBR-1 (-ve control), respectively. Fatty acid mainly composed of C-16/C-18 (84.5%-85.7%), which makes the microalgal oil suitable for biofuel production. This study concluded that feeding excess amount of P is an effective and scalable strategy to improve the biomass and lipid productivity of CTS cultivation.
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2020-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, v.271

ISSN
0301-4797
DOI
10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111041
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281871
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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