SAR Image Generation of Ground Targets for Automatic Target Recognition Using Indirect Information

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The effectiveness of using the simulated synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of military targets in databases for automatic target recognition (ATR) is widely known. However, for simulated target images to be useful, they must be sufficiently similar to measured images; otherwise, they can degrade ATR performance. Two factors affect the quality of simulated SAR images: precision of the associated computer-aided design (CAD) model of the target and the accuracy and speed of the numerical techniques used to solve the electromagnetic problems in SAR image generation. In this study, a method for the 3D CAD modeling of the target is proposed; this method can be used when direct access to the target is not feasible and only indirect information is available. Further, a bistatic image formation concept based on the shooting-and-bouncing-ray technique is adopted; this concept helps achieve an accuracy comparable to that of the monostatic method. Moreover, it helps achieve a highly enhanced computation speed. In combination, these proposals provide an efficient and fast method to generate a database of simulated SAR images that can effectively support ATR activities. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method by comparing the simulated SAR images with the measured ones using structural similarity as a similarity measure; further, we evaluate the recognition rate obtained with the simulated images. We show that the used similarity measure bears a strong relation with the recognition rate, which is an aspect that may further contribute to considerable time savings when validating and refining simulated image databases.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2021-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE ACCESS, v.9, pp.27003 - 27014

ISSN
2169-3536
DOI
10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3057455
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281489
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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