Low-power thermocatalytic hydrogen sensor based on electrodeposited cauliflower-like nanostructured Pt black

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A thermocatalytic hydrogen (H-2) gas sensor based on pseudo-porous networks of cauliflower-like nanostructured Pt crystals (Pt black), as the catalytic material, has been fabricated through electrodeposition onto a strip-type suspended microheater (9 mu m x 110 mu m) for low power sensor operation (8 mW) and fast response speed (1.8 s). The electroplating parameters (solution concentration, current strength, and time) have been tuned for maximum sensitivity and an ionic solution of platinic acid with lead acetate has been used for high adhesion of the catalytic layer. The high catalytic activity of the Pt black, small size of the device, and highly localized electroplating method used allow for sensitive H-2 detection: similar to 0.75% resistance change per %H-2 and an estimated 75-ppm lower limit of detection. Additionally, the sensor shows high selectivity against other flammable gases, while consuming much lower power than the commercial catalytic combustion based H-2 sensors. The low power consumption attained in this work is expected to help in the constant need for miniaturization of portable devices using catalytic gas sensor for selective detection in industry and for personalized applications.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2021-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, v.329, pp.129129

ISSN
0925-4005
DOI
10.1016/j.snb.2020.129129
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281024
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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