Flexible nanopillar-based immunoelectrochemical biosensor for noninvasive detection of Amyloid beta

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The noninvasive early detection of biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is essential for the development of specific treatment strategies. This paper proposes an advanced method for fabricating highly ordered and flexible nanopillar-based electrochemical biosensors by the combination of soft/photolithography and metal evaporation. The nanopillar array (NPA) exhibits high surface area containing 1500 nm height and 500 nm diameter with 3:1 ratio. In regard with physical properties of polyurethane (PU) substrate, the developed NPA is sustainable and durable to external pressure such as bending and twisting. To manipulate the NPA surface to biocompatible, the gold was uniformly deposited on the PU substrate. The thiol chemistry which is stably modified on the gold surface as a form of self-assembled monolayer was employed for fabricating the NPA as a biocompatible chip by covalently immobilize the antibodies. The proposed nanopillar-based immunoelectrochemical biosensor exhibited good and stable electrochemical performance in beta-amyloid (A beta) detection. Moreover, we successfully confirmed the performance of the as-developed sensor using the artificial injection of A beta in human tear, with sensitivity of 0.14 ng/mL and high reproducibility (as a standard deviation below 10%). Our findings show that the developed nanopillar-based sensor exhibits reliable electrochemical characteristics and prove its potential for application as a biosensor platform for testing at the point of care.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2020-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO CONVERGENCE, v.7, no.1, pp.29

ISSN
2196-5404
DOI
10.1186/s40580-020-00239-2
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/280522
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