Metal-induced n(+)/n homojunction for ultrahigh electron mobility transistors

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A self-organized n+/n homojunction is proposed to achieve ultrahigh performance of thin film transistors (TFTs) based on an amorphous (Zn,Ba)SnO3 (ZBTO) semiconductor with sufficiently limited scattering centers. A deposited Al layer can induce a highly O-deficient (n+) interface layer in the back channel of a-ZBTO without damaging the front channel layer via the formation of a metal-oxide interlayer between the metal and back channel. The n+ layer can significantly improve the field-effect mobility by providing a relatively high concentration of free electrons in the front n-channel ZBTO, where the scattering of carriers is already controlled. In comparison with a Ti layer, the Al metal layer is superior, as confirmed by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations, due to the stronger metal-O bonds, which make it easier to form a metal oxide AlOx interlayer through the removal of oxygen from ZBTO. The field-effect mobility of a-ZBTO with an Al capping layer can reach 153.4 cm2/Vs, which is higher than that of the pristine device, i.e., 20.8 cm2/Vs. This result paves the way for the realization of a cost-effective method for implementing indium-free ZBTO devices in various applications, such as flat panel displays and large-area electronic circuits.
Publisher
NATURE RESEARCH
Issue Date
2020-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NPG ASIA MATERIALS, v.12, no.1, pp.81

ISSN
1884-4049
DOI
10.1038/s41427-020-00271-y
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/279505
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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