Breaking the elastic limit of piezoelectric ceramics using nanostructures: A case study using ZnO

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Piezoelectric materials are suitable for haptic technology as they can convert mechanical stimuli into electrical signals and vice-versa. However, owing to their disadvantageous mechanical properties such as brittleness (in ceramics) and a low piezoelectric coefficient (in polymers), their application in haptic technology remains challenging. In this paper, we introduce a truss-like 3D hollow nanostructure using zinc oxide (ZnO) that exhibits a drastically improved elastic strain limit while maintaining a piezoelectric coefficient similar to that of singlecrystal ZnO. The ZnO hollow nanostructure was fabricated using proximity field nanopatterning (PnP) and atomic layer deposition (ALD) at four different processing temperatures. The piezoelectric characteristics were analyzed through dual AC resonance tracking piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM), and the piezoelectric coefficient was measured to be up to 9.2 pm/V. The nanopillar compression test result showed that the measured elastic strain limit of approximately 10% was at least 3 times greater than the previously reported value. The extended elastic limit of the 3D hollow structure was further supported by finite element simulations. The ZnO hollow nanostructure shows excellent potential for its application to enhanced haptic devices, which mimic the human sense of touch.
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Issue Date
2020-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO ENERGY, v.78

ISSN
2211-2855
DOI
10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105259
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/279157
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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