DNA sequencing by bacteriophage RNA polymerase transcription = 박테리오파아지 전사에 의한 DNA 염기서열 결정

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It is demonstrated here that a DNA segment can be sequenced by transcription reactions of the bacteriophage RNA polymerases. Addition of 3``-deoxynucleoside 5``-triphosphate (3``-dNTP) chain terminators in the standard transcription reactions produced base-specific DNA-sequencing ladders of RNA transcripts of 400 or more bases. The conditions for the T7 RNA polymerase transcription were optimized for higher yields of RNA ladders (especially those shorter than 100-mer), and for uniformity of the long and short RNA ladder bands. It was evident that optimum 3``-dATP concentration was different for different sizes of RNA. For example, the rNTPs/dNTPs ratio was optimal at 0.6:1 for RNA ladders shorter than 27-mer, at 1:1 for 27 to 37-mer, at 1.5:1 for 37 to 70-mer, at 3:1 for 70 to 80-mer and at 6:1 for longer than 80-mer. The optimum magnesium ion concentration appeared to depend not only on RNA size but also on the 3``-dATP concentration. Inclusion of inorganic pyrophosphatase appeared to reduce the non-specific band intensity, and enhance the band intensities of homo-oligonucleotide regions. The higher concentrations of enzymes were, the more deoxy-ladder bands were produced. The ladder RNAs were produced more from the short linear template by 1.5- to 2-fold than from the circular template. Not only the T7 and SP6 RNA polymerases but also three mutants and nick forms that had enhanced termination efficiency were tested. Among those, the nicked forms of both T7 and SP6 RNA polymerases produced the ladders most. Also, the nicked enzymes showed decreased tendency to produce aberrant transcription products from DNA templates having protruding 3``ends. Thus, the RNA transcript ladders could be analyzed for DNA sequencing by gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry.
Advisors
Chung, Jong-Kyeongresearcher정종경researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1999
Identifier
151584/325007 / 000973580
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과, 1999.2, [ iv, 53 p. ]

Keywords

Sequencing; Transcription; RNA polymerase; Bacteriophage; 3``-dNTPs; 3``-디옥시뉴클리오타이드; 염기서열 결정; 전사; RNA 중합효소; 박테리오파아지

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27883
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=151584&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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