New low temperature multidipole plasma device with a magnetic X-point and its properties

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A new low temperature multidipole plasma device with a magnetic X-point is developed. With a usual multidipole configuration generated by permanent neodymium magnets, a pair of axially flowing electrical currents up to 1.0 kA in the chamber creates figure-eight shaped poloidal magnetic fields with the X-point which separates plasmas into three distinct regions of core, edge and private regions. This new device, magnetic X-point simulator system (MAXIMUS), is equipped with end-plate wall filaments, core filaments and a LaB6 cathode as DC plasma sources. A wide range of plasma densities from 10(8) to 10(12) cm(-3) with electron temperatures of 0.4 to 3 eV is achieved. Plasmas in MAXIMUS are highly correlated with the shape of the magnetic fields as electrons are magnetized. Furthermore, electron velocity distribution functions can be significantly modified from usual Maxwellian distributions due to the strong grad-B and curvature drifts of electrons, resulting in high skewness and excess kurtosis. Such a capability of controlling the distribution function as well as having closed circular magnetic fields will allow us to systematically investigate effects of non-Maxwellian distribution functions and curved magnetic fields on various physical phenomena such as cross-field diffusion process, plasma waves and many nonlinear physics including solitons, shock waves and three-wave interactions. Tokamak edge physics correlated with neutral particles is also to be investigated with MAXIMUS.
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2020-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, v.29, no.11

ISSN
0963-0252
DOI
10.1088/1361-6595/abb720
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/278691
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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