(The) microbial diversity in the anaerobic digestion reactor of agriculture and livestock waste using molecular biological tools = 분자 생물학적 방법을 이용한 농축산 폐기물의 혐기성 소화조 내 미생물 다양성 연구

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In this study, an agricultural and livestock waste-treatment method combining two reactors on the way that they each use the effluent from the other reactor to improve the treatment of their own content was used and it has a large economic effect and is efficient. Microbial community of sludge which plays a central role in the anaerobic digestion reactor was analyzed by comparative analysis using molecular biological method. As a result of analysis of microbial community of anaerobic digestion reactor through random cloning, we know that unnamed bacteria groups uncultured until now play a role in the process, so this suggests culturing of these microbes is urgent. Many aerobic and anaerobic bacteria which secrete enzymes degrading polysaccharides in environmental samples, such as compost, sludge, and soil were isolated for pre-treatment of agriculture waste by using chromogenic substrates method. There are many microorganisms that can be classified as new species by quite different evolutionary variations compared with established microbes in these isolated microorganisms. A close study on some types among these samples, and type strain TR7-06 and KNH classification were recently finalized and were classified to the new name $\It{Cellulomonas composti}$ and $\It{Desulfitimonas hydrogenivorans}$, respectly. A bacterial strain, TR7-$06^T$, which has cellulase and $\beta$-glucosidase activities, was isolated from compost at a cattle farm near Daejeon, Republic of Korea. It was a Gram-positive, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that this strain belongs to the genus $\It{Cellulomonas}$, with highest sequence similarity to $\It{Cellulomonas uda}$ DSM $20107^T$ (98.5 %). Cell wall analysis revealed the presence of type A4$\beta$ , L-orn-D-Glu peptidoglycan. The cell-wall sugars detected were mannose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9($H_4$); MK-8($H_4$...
Advisors
Lee, Sung-Taikresearcher이성택researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2010
Identifier
455352/325007  / 020037901
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과, 2010.08, [ viii, 85 p. ]

Keywords

livestock waste; agriculture waste; microbial diversity; Anaerobic digestion; molecular biology; 분자생물학; 축산폐기물; 농업폐기물; 미생물 다양성; 혐기성 소화

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27701
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=455352&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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