Wastewater treatments such as forward osmosis (FO) can be widely applied to separate or the reject substances from secondary treated effluents. Experimental studies have investigated the influence of membrane fouling and operating conditions. The performance of FO is affected by membrane fouling characteristics, composition of the feed solution and operating conditions. The experiments were performed using an osmotic membrane (FO-4040) to investigate the influences of operating conditions on water flux and reverse salt selectivity. The surfactant content, cross-flow velocity, and pH of the feed solution were systematically investigated for their effects on FO performance. The results showed that higher cross-flow velocities, increase of the pH of the feed solution, and adding surfactant into the feed solution yielded higher water fluxes. Reverse salt selectivity also increased after adding a surfactant to the feed solution but showed no significant increase at higher surfactant concentrations.