Role of residual ferrites on crevice SCC of austenitic stainless steels in PWR water with high-dissolved oxygen

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The crevice stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of austenitic stainless steels was evaluated in simulated pressurized water reactor (PWR) environments. To simulate the abnormal condition in temporary clamping devices on leaking small bore pipes, crevice bent beam (CBB) tests were performed in the oxygenated as well as hydrogenated conditions. No SCC cracks were found for SS316 in both conditions. SS304 also showed good resistance in the hydrogenated condition. However, all SS304 specimens showed SCC cracks in the oxygenated condition, indicating poor crevice SCC resistance. It was found that residual ferrites were selectively dissolved because of the galvanic corrosion coupled with the neighbouring austenite phase, resulting in SCC initiation in SS304. Crack morphologies were mostly transgranular assisted by the damaged delta-ferrite and deformation-induced slip bands.
Publisher
KOREAN NUCLEAR SOC
Issue Date
2020-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, v.52, no.11, pp.2552 - 2564

ISSN
1738-5733
DOI
10.1016/j.net.2020.04.023
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/276535
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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