Role of PIF3 in arabidopsis phytochrome signaling = 애기장대 파이트크롬 신호전달에서 PIF3의 기능 연구

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Phytochromes are red/far-red light receptors that regulate various light responses by initiating transcriptional cascades responsible for changing the expression patterns of 10 - 30% of the entire plant transcriptome. Several transcription factors that are thought to participate in this process have been identified, but the underlying molecular functions have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, I investigate the role of such transcription factor, PIF3, on the anthocyanin and chlorophyll biosynthesis. PIF3 is a nuclear localized bHLH protein whose activity is regulated by active phytochromes. PIF3 is known to regulate hypocotyl elongation, anthocyanin biosynthesis, shoot gravitropism, and photosynthetic activity. I found that PIF3 positively regulate anthocyanin biosynthesis by activating transcription of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, but the positive effects of PIF3 required functional HY5. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses indicated that both PIF3 and HY5 regulate anthocyanin biosynthetic gene expression by directly binding to different regions of the gene promoters in vivo. Additional experiments revealed that PIF3 bound to the promoters regardless of light and HY5. I additionally investigate the role of PIF3 in chlorophyll biosynthesis. I found that PIF3 negatively regulates the expression of photosynthetic genes and chlorophyll biosynthetic genes including CAB and GUN5. Consistent with the higher expression of chlorophyll biosynthetic genes in the pif3 mutant, etiolated pif3 seedlings showed severe photooxidative damage upon the transfer to light. The photooxidative damage is partly due to the overexpression of chlorophyll biosynthetic genes including GUN5 as gun5pif3 double mutant does not show any photooxidative damage. Interestingly, PIF3 is necessary for plastid-to-nucleus signaling, when the tetrapyrrole intermediates are overproduced. Moreover, tetrapyrrole intermediates stabilize the PIF3 protein to form a negative feedback loop in the ch...
Advisors
Choi, Gil-tsuresearcher최길주researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2008
Identifier
303578/325007  / 020037351
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과, 2008. 8., [ viii, 136 p. ]

Keywords

Arabidopsis; phytochrome; PIF3; anthocyanin; chlorophyll; 애기장대; 파이트크롬; PIF3; 안토시아닌; 엽록소; Arabidopsis; phytochrome; PIF3; anthocyanin; chlorophyll; 애기장대; 파이트크롬; PIF3; 안토시아닌; 엽록소

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27649
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=303578&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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