H2B ubiquitylation enhances H3K4 methylation activities of human KMT2 family complexes

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In mammalian cells, distinct H3K4 methylation states are created by deposition of methyl groups by multiple complexes of histone lysine methyltransferase 2 (KMT2) family proteins. For comprehensive analyses that directly compare the catalytic properties of all six human KMT2 complexes, we employed a biochemically defined system reconstituted with recombinant KMT2 core complexes (KMT2(Core)Cs) containing minimal components required for nucleosomal H3K4 methylation activity. We found that each KMT2(Core)C generates distinct states and different levels of H3K4 methylation, and except for MLL3 all are stimulated by H2Bub. Notably, SET1B(Core)C exhibited the strongest H3K4 methylation activity and, to our surprise, did not require H2B ubiquitylation (H2Bub); in contrast, H2Bub was required for the H3K4me2/3 activity of the paralog SET1A(Core)C. We also found that WDR5, RbBP5, ASH2L and DPY30 are required for efficient H3K4 methyltransferase activities of all KMT2(Core)Cs except MLL3, which could produce H3K4me1 in the absence of WDR5. Importantly, deletion of the PHD2 domain of CFP1 led to complete loss of the H3K4me2/3 activities of SET1A/(BCs)-Cs-Core in the presence of H2Bub, indicating a critical role for this domain in the H2Bub-stimulated H3K4 methylation. Collectively, our results suggest that each KMT2 complex methylates H3K4 through distinct mechanisms in which individual subunits differentially participate.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2020-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, v.48, no.10, pp.5442 - 5456

ISSN
0305-1048
DOI
10.1093/nar/gkaa317
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/276479
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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