|dc.description.abstract||Halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs) are ubiquitous contaminants in our environment and many of their toxic effects are elicited by binding to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). However, several investigations have demonstrated that certain polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners or mixtures inhibit AhR-mediated responses induced by other toxic HAHs. The mechanism responsible for antagonism by certain PCBs of AhR-mediates biological activity is presently unknown. The present study evaluated the antagonist activity of several di-ortho-substituted PCB congeners [PCB47 (2,2’,4,4’), PCB52 (2,2’,5,5’), PCB128 (2,2’,3,3’,4,4’), PCB153 (2,2’,4,4’,5,5’)], when present in combination with AhR agonists [TCDD (2,3,7,8,-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), PCB126 (3,3’,4,4’,5), PCB77 (3,3’,4,4’)], on CYP1A1 induction and inhibition of LPS-induced immunoglobulin production in the CH12.LX B cell line. In contrast to non-ortho-substituted PCB (PCB77), which showed additive effects on CYP1A1 induction in combination with TCDD, all of the di-ortho-substituted PCBs examined produced antagonism. Di-ortho-substituted PCB (PCB52) also partially antagonized TCDD- or PCB126-mediated inhibition of IgM secretion and immunoglobulin heavy chain mRNA expression in the LPS-activated B cells. In addition, PCB52 inhibited TCDD-induced nuclear translocation of AhR and subsequently DNA binding to a dioxin responsive element (DRE) in the B cell line. Collectively, these results suggest that the mechanism responsible for antagonism by di-ortho-substituted PCB congeners of AhR agonist-mediated CYP1A1 induction and inhibition of antibody responses in B cells occurs through interference with activation by agonist of the cytosolic AhR complex.
TCDD produces a significant inhibition of IgM expression in B cells. However, the mechanism responsible for this inhibition is still unclear. The present study examined the effect of TCDD on AP-1 and $NF-\kappaB$, both of which play an important role in B...||eng