Histone-mediated innate defense system in vertebrate = 고등동물에서 Histone에 의한 생체방어기작

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The intestinal epithelium forms a first line of innate host defense by secretion of proteins with antimicrobial activity against microbial infection. Despite the extensive studies on the antimicrobial host defense in many gastrointestinal tracts, little is known on the antimicrobial defense system of a stomach. The potent antimicrobial peptide buforin I consisting of 39 amino acids was isolated recently from the stomach tissue of an Asian toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans. In this study I examined the mechanism of buforin I production in the toad stomach tissue. Buforin I is produced by the action of pepsin isozymes, named pepsin Ca and Cb, cleaving the Tyr39-Ala40 bond of histone H2A. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that buforin I is present extracellularly on the mucosal surface, and unacetylated histone H2A, a precursor of buforin I, is localized in the cytoplasm of gastric gland cells. Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that buforin I is also present in the gastric fluids, and immunoelectron microscopy detected the localization of the unacetylated histone H2A in the cytoplasmic granules of gastric gland cells. The distinct subcellular distribution of the unacetylated histone H2A and the detection of the unacetylated buforin I both on the mucosal surface and in the lumen suggest that buforin I is produced from the cytoplasmic unacetylated histone H2A secreted into the gastric lumen and subsequently processed by pepsins. My results indicate that buforin I along with pepsins in the vertebrate stomach may contribute to the innate host defense of the stomach against invading microorganisms. Colonization and infection of placental tissues often lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth, a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The fetal membranes of placenta, a physical and active barrier to microbial invasion, encapsulate the fetus and secure its intrauterine environment. In this study I have shown that histone protei...
Kim, Sun-Changresearcher김선창researcher
한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과,
Issue Date
165671/325007 / 000965112

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과, 2001.2, [ vii, 88 p. ]


Innate defense system; Vertebrate; Antimicrobial protein; 항균단백질; 생체방어기작; 고등동물; Histone

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