Graphene intercalated free-standing carbon paper coated with MnO2 for anode materials of lithium ion batteries

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The composite of manganese dioxide (MnO2) with high theoretical capacity (1230 mAh g(-1)) and carbon nanofiber paper with high electrical conductivity is attracting attention as a next-generation battery anode material. This study proposes a facile route for coating mesoporous MnO2 on the carbon fiber by low-temperature reduction of KMnO4 and intercalating graphene into the carbon paper through vacuum filtration. The MnO2 coated carbon nanofiber (MOCNF) is synthesized in the form of paper, while maintaining the flexibility and strength with graphene intercalated between MOCNF papers. The resulting paper is applied for the lithium ion battery anode without any current collector, binder and conductor. This free-standing electrode has a discharge capacity of 945 mAh g(-1) at 100 mA g(-1) and shows a high discharge capacity of 545 mAh g(-1) at 1000 mA g(-1) even after 1000 cycles. This stable cycle performance originates from the mesoporosity of MnO2 and the intercalation of graphene, which accelerates the kinetics of redox reaction and mitigates the electrochemical isolation of MnO2 from the carbon nanofibers. This paper-type material can be a next-generation battery anode with considerable flexibility and capacity. Furthermore, the facile method of MnO2 coating and graphene intercalation can be applied to the other electrode synthesis.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2020-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.348, pp.136310

ISSN
0013-4686
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2020.136310
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/274695
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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