Interaction of E.coli RBP signal peptides with components of translocation system = 대장균 RBP 신호 서열과 분비 기구 구성 요소들과의 상호작용

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Signal peptides of secretory proteins interact with various membrane and cytosolic components during the course of translocation. The primary aim of this study is to elucidate the interaction of signal peptides of ribose binding protein (RBP) with Escherichia coli (E.coli) signal recognition particle (SRP) composed of Ffh protein and 4.5S RNA, SecA and lipid bilayer. The signal peptides, as the nascent chain emerging from ribosome, are thought to bind the methionine-rich domain of Ffh. The structure of a peptide corresponding to one of the proposed methionine-rich segment of Ffh was determined using CD and NMR. This peptide was found to have a very unusual strong propensity to form alpha-helix and assumes an appreciable alpha-helix conformation even in water. The interactions of methionie-rich segment of the M-domain and M-domain as a whole with signal peptides were checked. It was reported that the only signal peptides of precursor proteins which are translocated inhibit the GTPase activity of E.coli SRP (Miller et al., 1994. Nature 367, 657-659). But, the signal peptides of revertant precursor RBPs, which show recovered capability of secretion, had no effect on the activity as is the case of nonfunctional mutant. Although functional signal peptides were previously reported to stimulate the ATPase activity of SecA in the presence of lipid vesicles, revertant and mutant signal peptides of RBP were found to inhibit it under various conditions. Comparison of the effect of revertant signal peptides with that of the wild type was possible only with the corresponding precursor protein due to low solubility of the wild-type peptide. The enhancement of SecA ATPase activity and reduction of ANS binding to SecA induced by the wild type precursor RBP were much more pronounced than by either mutant or revertant precursor RBPs. Revertant signal peptides assume predominantly α-helical conformations in the presence of anionic phospholipid vesicles and restrict the acyl chain...
Advisors
Park, Chan-Kyuresearcher박찬규researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2000
Identifier
157735/325007 / 000955223
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생물과학과, 2000.2, [ viii, 77 p. ]

Keywords

SecA; Ffh; Translocation; Signal peptide; Interaction; 상호작용; SecA; Ffh; 전위; 신호 서열

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27463
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=157735&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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