Hydrolysis of Lipid-Extracted Chlorella vulgaris by Simultaneous Use of Solid and Liquid Acids

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Microalgal biomass was hydrolyzed using a solid acid catalyst with the aid of liquid acid. The use of solid acid as the main catalyst instead of liquid acid was to omit subsequent neutralization and/or desalination steps, which are commonly required in using the resulting hydrolysates for microbial fermentation. The hydrolysis of 10 g/L of lipid-extracted Chlorella vulgaris containing 12.2% carbohydrates using 7.6 g/L Amberlyst 36 and 0.0075 N nitric acid at 150 degrees C resulted in 1.08 g/L of mono-sugars with a yield of 88.5%. For hydrolysis of higher concentrations of the biomass over 10 g/L, the amount of Amberlyst 36 needed to be increased in proportion to the biomass concentration to maintain similar levels of hydrolysis performance. Increasing the solid acid concentration protected the surface of the solid acid from being severely covered by cell debris during the reaction. A hydrolysate of lipid-extracted C. vulgaris 50 g/L was used, with no post-treatment of desalination, for the cultivation of Klebsiella oxytoca producing 2,3-butanediol. Cell growth in the hydrolysate was found to be almost the same as in the conventional medium with the same monosaccharide composition, confirming its fermentation compatibility. It was noticeable that the yield of 2,3-butanediol with the hydrolysate was observed to be 2.6 times higher than that with the conventional medium.
Publisher
WILEY
Issue Date
2019-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRESS, v.35, no.1

ISSN
8756-7938
DOI
10.1002/btpr.2729
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/274412
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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