Background: Fabry disease (FD) is a recessive X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) deficiency. Although the mechanism is unclear, GLA deficiency causes an accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), leading to vasculopathy. Methods: To explore the relationship between the accumulation of Gb3 and vasculopathy, induced pluripotent stem cells generated from four Fabry patients (FD-iPSCs) were differentiated into vascular endothelial cells (VECs). Genome editing using CRISPR-Cas9 system was carried out to correct the GLA mutation or to delete Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1). Global transcriptomes were compared between wild-type (WT)- and FD-VECs by RNA-sequencing analysis. Findings: Here, we report that overexpression of TSP-1 contributes to the dysfunction of VECs in FD. VECs originating from FD-iPSCs (FD-VECs) showed aberrant angiogenic functionality even upon treatment with recombinant alpha-galactosidase. Intriguingly, FD-VECs produced more p-SMAD2 and TSP-1 than WT-VECs. We also found elevated TSP-1 in the peritubular capillaries of renal tissues biopsied from FD patients. Inhibition of SMAD2 signaling or knock out of TSP-1 (TSP-1(-/-)) rescues normal vascular functionality in FD-VECs, like in gene-corrected FD-VECs. In addition, the enhanced oxygen consumption rate is reduced in TSP-1(-/-) FD-VECs. Interpretation: The overexpression of TSP-1 secondary to Gb3 accumulation is primarily responsible for the observed FD-VEC dysfunction. Our findings implicate dysfunctional VEC angiogenesis in the peritubular capillaries in some of the complications of Fabry disease.