Design of Four-Port Integrated Monopole Antenna Using Refraction Effect of Dielectric Medium for Pattern Gain Enhancement

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This article proposes a four-port integrated antenna structure with a dielectric medium, which can be used to increase the pattern gain. To enhance the multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) performance, a low correlation is required between antenna elements. First, the refraction effect of the proposed medium is explained, including a derivation of the phase variation. Second, a new four-port integrated monopole antenna is proposed, which operates at 2.4 GHz and is appropriate for supporting a beamforming technique with high gain and small size. The proposed antenna can be useful for reducing correlation with the use of a dielectric medium to increase the pattern gain. This allows the achievable MIMO channel capacity to be increased to the ideal MIMO gain by increasing the pattern gain.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2020-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, v.19, no.4, pp.621 - 625

ISSN
1536-1225
DOI
10.1109/LAWP.2020.2973830
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/274258
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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