Synergetic Effect of Porous Elastomer and Percolation of Carbon Nanotube Filler toward High Performance Capacitive Pressure Sensors

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Wearable pressure sensors have been attracting great attention for a variety of practical applications, including electronic skin, smart textiles, and healthcare devices. However, it is still challenging to realize wearable pressure sensors with sufficient sensitivity and low hysteresis under small mechanical stimuli. Herein, we introduce simple, cost-effective, and sensitive capacitive pressure sensor based on porous Ecoflex-multiwalled carbon nanotube composite (PEMC) structures, which leads to enhancing the sensitivity (6.42 and 1.72 kPa(-1) in a range of 0-2 and 2-10 kPa, respectively) due to a synergetic effect of the porous elastomer and percolation of carbon nanotube fillers. The PEMC structure shows excellent mechanical deformability and compliance for an effective integration with practical wearable devices. Also, the PEMC-based pressure sensor shows not only the long-term stability, low-hysteresis, and fast response under dynamic loading but also the high robustness against temperature and humidity changes. Finally, we demonstrate a prosthetic robot finger integrated with a PEMC-based pressure sensor and an actuator as well as a healthcare wristband capable of continuously monitoring blood pressure and heart rate.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2020-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.12, no.1, pp.1698 - 1706

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.9b20097
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/272439
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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