Using MDA-MB-231 cells as a model of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its metastatic sub-cell lines that preferentially metastasize to lung, bone or brain, we found that the mRNA and protein levels of fibronectin (FN) are increased in MDA-MB-231 cells and its lung metastatic derivative, when cultivated in three-dimensional (3D) suspension cultures. The increase of FN expression in 3D was dependent on p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) because it was prevented by treatment of cells with SB203580, an inhibitor of p38MAPK. The up-regulated FN was converted into fibrils, and it enhanced cell spreading when cells cultured in 3D were transferred to two-dimensional (2D) culture. The arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) peptides and siRNAs targeting of integrin beta-5 inhibited spreading of cells regardless of the presence of FN on 2D culture dishes. In addition, the levels of phosphorylated Src were found to be increased in 3D and the treatment of cells with SU6656, an inhibitor of Src, decreased the rate of cell spreading on FN. Collectively, these studies demonstrate that increased cellular FN in 3D suspension culture facilitates cancer cell attachment and spreading via integrin beta-5 and Src, suggesting that the increased FN promotes initial attachment of cancer cells to secondary organs after circulation during metastasis.