The adsorption of biomolecules onto nanomaterials can alter the performance of the nanomaterials in vitro and in vivo. Recent studies have primarily focused on the protein "corona", formed upon adsorption of proteins onto nanoparticles in biological fluids, which can change the biological fate of the nanoparticles. Conversely, interactions between nanomaterials and other classes of biomolecules namely, lipids, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides have received less attention despite their important roles in biology. A possible reason is the challenge associated with investigating biomolecule interactions with nanomaterials using current technologies. Herein, a protocol is developed for studying bio-nano interactions by depositing four classes of biomolecules (proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides) and complex biological media (blood) onto planar substrates, followed by exposure to metal-phenolic network (MPN) complexes. The MPNs preferentially interact with the biomolecule over the inorganic substrate (glass), highlighting that patterned biomolecules can be used to engineer patterned MPNs. Subsequent formation of silver nanoparticles on the MPN films maintains the patterns and endows the films with unique reflectance and fluorescence properties, enabling visualization of latent fingerprints (i.e., invisible residual biomolecule patterns). This study demonstrates the potential complexity of the biomolecule corona as all classes of biomolecules can adsorb onto MPN-based nanomaterials.