The presence of framing effects in rats = 흰쥐에 나타나는 프레임 효과에 대한 행동 연구

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Behavioral economics, the study of social cognitive and emotional biases to better understand economic decisions their affects, has been a widely researched domain. Prospect theory has now been widely used to explain behavior irrationalities that could not be explained with traditional theories of choice. Reference dependence is one of the major features of human decision making that has been shown to influence choice when decision makers are faced with alternatives. The aim of the study is to find how rats respond to two different alternatives when these alternatives are presented transparently and when framed. We have improved the design of the standard T-maze used for rats by introducing some changes in the T-maze. These changes allowed us not to use any stimuli other than the natural stimuli associated with the chocolate-ball cereals we have used in our experiment as primary reward. Our results confirm that for a very strict budget of only 7 trials the rats can completely differentiate between the two different alternatives presented to them as two different amounts of food. We have also showed that when the alternative as framed as a choice between two sure payoffs of the same magnitude but difference in the amount of reward actually presented for that alternative; rats exhibit reference dependent behavior by avoiding the arm that frames loss. We conclude on our results that rats are also sensitive to how alternatives are presented to them. Our results also show that rats try to maximize their outcomes not only on their final states but also on the basis of whether outcomes are presented as loss or gain from a reference point.
Advisors
Jeong, Jae-seungresearcher정재승researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 바이오및뇌공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2008
Identifier
301910/325007  / 020064335
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 바이오및뇌공학과, 2008. 8., [ iv, 54 p. ]

Keywords

Framing; Reference dependence; T-maze; Neuroeconomics; Decision making; 프레임 효과; 준거점 의존성; T자형 미로; 신경경제학; 의사결정; Framing; Reference dependence; T-maze; Neuroeconomics; Decision making; 프레임 효과; 준거점 의존성; T자형 미로; 신경경제학; 의사결정

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27158
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=301910&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BiS-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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