The Economics of Cybercrime: The Role of Broadband and Socioeconomic Status

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Under what conditions is the Internet more likely to be used maliciously for criminal activity? This study examines the conditions under which the Internet is associated with cybercriminal offenses. Using comprehensive state-level data in the United States during 2004-2010, our findings show that there is no clear empirical evidence that the Internet penetration rate is related to the number of Internet crime perpetrators; however, cybercriminal activities are contingent upon socioeconomic factors and connection speed. Specifically, a higher income, more education, a lower poverty rate, and a higher inequality are likely to make the Internet penetration be more positively related with cybercrime perpetrators, which are indeed different from the conditions of terrestrial crime in the real world. In addition, as opposed to narrowband, the broad-band connections are significantly and positively associated with the number of Internet crime perpetrators, and it amplifies the aforementioned moderating effects of socioeconomic status on Internet crime offenses. Taken together, cybercrime requires more than just a skilled perpetrator, and it requires an infrastructure to facilitate profiteering from the act.
Publisher
ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY
Issue Date
2019-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACM TRANSACTIONS ON MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, v.10, no.4, pp.13

ISSN
2158-656X
DOI
10.1145/3351159
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/271158
Appears in Collection
MT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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