DASH: Database Shadowing for Mobile DBMS

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In this work, we propose Database Shadowing, or DASH, which is a new crash recovery technique for SQLite DBMS. DASH is a hybrid mixture of classical shadow paging and logging. DASH addresses four major issues in the current SQLite journal modes: the performance and write amplification issues of the rollback mode and the storage space requirement and tail latency issues of the WAL mode. DASH exploits two unique characteristics of SQLite: the database files are small and the transactions are entirely serialized. DASH consists of three key ingredients Aggregate Update, Atomic Exchange and Version Reset. Aggregate Update eliminates the redundant write overhead and the requirement to maintain multiple snapshots both of which are inherent in the out-of-place update. Atomic Exchange resolves the overhead of updating the locations of individual database pages exploiting order-preserving nature of the metadata update operation in modern filesystem. Version Reset makes the result of the Atomic Exchange durable without relying on expensive filesystem journaling. The salient aspect of DASH lies in its simplicity and compatibility with the legacy. DASH does not require any modifications in the underlying filesystem or the database organization. It requires only 451 LOC to implement. In Cyclomatic Complexity score, which represents software complexity, DASH renders 33% lower (simpler) mark than PERSIST and WAL modes of SQLite. We implement DASH for SQLite on Android and extensively evaluate it on widely used smartphone devices. DASH yields 4x performance gain over PERSIST mode (default journaling mode). Compared to WAL mode (the fastest journaling mode), DASH uses only 2.5% of the storage space on average. The transaction latency of DASH at 99.9% is one fourth of that of WAL mode.
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PROCEEDINGS OF THE VLDB ENDOWMENT, v.12, no.7, pp.793 - 806

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EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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