Method for auto-alignment of digital optical phase conjugation systems based on digital propagation

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Optical phase conjugation (OPC) has enabled many optical applications such as aberration correction and image transmission through fiber. In recent years, implementation of digital optical phase conjugation (DOPC) has opened up the possibility of its use in biomedical optics (e. g. deep-tissue optical focusing) due to its ability to provide greater-than-unity OPC reflectivity (the power ratio of the phase conjugated beam and input beam to the OPC system) and its flexibility to accommodate additional wavefront manipulations. However, the requirement for precise (pixel-to-pixel matching) alignment of the wavefront sensor and the spatial light modulator (SLM) limits the practical usability of DOPC systems. Here, we report a method for auto-alignment of a DOPC system by which the misalignment between the sensor and the SLM is auto-corrected through digital light propagation. With this method, we were able to accomplish OPC playback with a DOPC system with gross sensor-SLM misalignment by an axial displacement of up to similar to 1.5cm, rotation and tip/tilt of similar to 5 degrees, and in-plane displacement of similar to 5mm (dependent on the physical size of the sensor and the SLM). Our auto-alignment method robustly achieved a DOPC playback peak-to-background ratio (PBR) corresponding to more than similar to 30% of the theoretical maximum. As an additional advantage, the auto-alignment procedure can be easily performed at will and, as such, allows us to correct for small mechanical drifts within the DOPC systems, thus overcoming a previously major DOPC system vulnerability. We believe that this reported method for implementing robust DOPC systems will broaden the practical utility of DOPC systems. (C) 2014 Optical Society of America
Publisher
OPTICAL SOC AMER
Issue Date
2014-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

OPTICS EXPRESS, v.22, no.12, pp.14054 - 14071

ISSN
1094-4087
DOI
10.1364/OE.22.014054
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268702
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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