TRiC/CCT chaperonins are essential for organ growth by interacting with insulin/TOR signaling in Drosophila

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Organ size is regulated by intercellular signaling for cell growth and proliferation. The TOR pathway mediates a key signaling mechanism for controlling cell size and number in organ growth. Chaperonin containing TCP-1 (CCT) is a complex that assists protein folding and function, but its role in animal development is largely unknown. Here we show that the CCT complex is required for organ growth by interacting with the TOR pathway in Drosophila. Reduction of CCT4 results in growth defects by affecting both cell size and proliferation. Loss of CCT4 causes preferential cell death anterior to the morphogenetic furrow in the eye disc and within wing pouch in the wing disc. Depletion of any CCT subunit in the eye disc results in headless phenotype. Overgrowth by active TOR signaling is suppressed by CCT RNAi. The CCT complex physically interacts with TOR signaling components including TOR, Rheb, and S6K. Loss of CCT leads to decreased phosphorylation of S6K and S6 while increasing phosphorylation of Akt. Insulin/TOR signaling is also necessary and sufficient for promoting CCT complex transcription. Our data provide evidence that the CCT complex regulates organ growth by directly interacting with the TOR signaling pathway.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2019-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ONCOGENE, v.38, no.24, pp.4739 - 4754

ISSN
0950-9232
DOI
10.1038/s41388-019-0754-1
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/263093
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
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