Integration of a Carbon Nanotube Network on a Microelectromechanical Switch for Ultralong Contact Lifetime

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Micro-/nanoelectromechanical (MEM/NEM) switches have been extensively studied to address the limitations of transistors, such as the increased standby power consumption and performance dependence on temperature and radiation. However, their lifetimes are limited owing to the degradation of the contact surfaces. Even though several materials and structural designs have been recently developed to improve the lifetime, the production of a microswitch that is compatible with a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) with a long lifetime remains a significant challenge. We demonstrate a vertically actuated MEM switch with extremely high reliability by integrating a carbon nanotube (CNT) network on a gold electrode as the contact material using a low-temperature, CMOS-compatible solution process. In addition to their outstanding mechanical and electrical properties of CNTs, their deformability dramatically increases the effective contact area of the switch, thus resulting in the extension of the lifetime. The CNT-coated MEM switch exhibits a lifetime that is more than 7 x 10(8) cycles when operated in hot-switching conditions, which is 1.9 x 10(4) times longer than that of a control device without CNTs. The switch also shows an excellent switching performance, including a low electrical resistance, high on/off ratio, and an extremely small off-state current.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.11, no.20, pp.18617 - 18625

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.9b02747
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262691
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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