Mechanisms for Hfq-Independent Activation of rpoS by DsrA, a Small RNA, in Escherichia coli

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Many small RNAs (sRNAs) regulate gene expression by base pairing to their target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) with the help of Hfq in Escherichia coli. The sRNA DsrA activates translation of the rpoS mRNA in an Hfq-dependent manner, but this activation ability was found to partially bypass Hfq when DsrA is overproduced. The precise mechanism by which DsrA bypasses Hfq is unknown. In this study, we constructed strains lacking all three rpoS-activating sRNAs (i.e., ArcZ, DsrA, and RprA) in hfq(+) and Hfq(-) backgrounds, and then artificially regulated the cellular DsrA concentration in these strains by controlling its ectopic expression. We then examined how the expression level of rpoS was altered by a change in the concentration of DsrA. We found that the translation and stability of the rpoS mRNA are both enhanced by physiological concentrations of DsrA regardless of Hfq, but that depletion of Hfq causes a rapid degradation of DsrA and thereby decreases rpoS mRNA stability. These results suggest that the observed Hfq dependency of DsrA-mediated rpoS activation mainly results from the destabilization of DsrA in the absence of Hfq, and that DsrA itself contributes to the translational activation and stability of the rpoS mRNA in an Hfq-independent manner.
Publisher
KOREAN SOC MOLECULAR & CELLULAR BIOLOGY
Issue Date
2019-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

MOLECULES AND CELLS, v.42, no.5, pp.426 - 439

ISSN
1016-8478
DOI
10.14348/molcells.2019.0040
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262613
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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