Nonproliferation and Security Implications of the Evolving Civil Nuclear Export Market

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In recent decades, the nuclear export market has observed a marked shift of demand from traditional customers in the Western world to Asia. The lack of projects in the United States, the delay in the French construction of advanced reactors, and the Fukushima accident in Japan have also led to the declining export capabilities of their companies. In contrast, Russia has gained numerous contracts, and China will likely become another major exporter. In this paper, the evolution of the market was examined from both the supply and demand sides with issues including the more concentrated and uncertain market, the lack of full participation by emerging suppliers to the nonproliferation regime, and the lesser governance capabilities of the newcomers. Addressing these issues, a range of policy suggestions was made, including the reinforcement of market shares of Western suppliers, the encouragement of newcomers to adhere to international norms, and a better safeguards contribution scheme.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2019-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SUSTAINABILITY, v.11, no.7

ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su11071830
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262427
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
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