Off Design Performance Map Similarity Study of Radial Type Turbomachinery in Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycle

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A supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) Brayton cycle has received attention as one of the future power conversion systems because of its high thermal efficiency at relatively low turbine inlet temperature. However, the design process of the S-CO2 compressor is known to be difficult because the fluid properties vary significantly near the critical point. This paper discusses about the design methodology of a S-CO2 compressor on the basis of the existing design practice and performance map of Sandia National Laboratory, which is the only reported experimental data for the S-CO2 compressor. Five parameters are mainly used for verifying the turbomachinery similarity. When all of 5 parameters coincide with the prototype and the conceptually designed turbomachinery, similar performance can be assumed. As a result, the data of SNL are insufficient to design a single stage compressor which is able to compress from near critical point to 20MPa. The optimum cycle pressure ratio is reported to be around 2.6∼2.7 in the previous S-CO2 Brayton cycle research works. The minimum number of stages is required at least two to utilize the existing data in the compressor design. So this study focuses on two main purposes. The first is to check whether the SNL data can be extended for the larger scale S-CO2 system. Second, the performance map obtained from KAIST_TMD, which is from an in-house code developed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) research team, was compared to the SNL data, so that KAIST_TMD can be used as a design tool for a larger scale S-CO2 power conversion system in the future.
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