BIG2-ARF1-RhoA-mDia1 Signaling Regulates Dendritic Golgi Polarization in Hippocampal Neurons

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Proper dendrite development is essential for establishing neural circuitry, and Rho GTPases play key regulatory roles in this process. From mouse brain lysates, we identified Brefeldin A-inhibited guanine exchange factor 2 (BIG2) as a novel Rho GTPase regulatory protein involved in dendrite growth and maintenance. BIG2 was highly expressed during early development, and knockdown of the ARFGEF2 gene encoding BIG2 significantly reduced total dendrite length and the number of branches. Expression of the constitutively active ADP-ribosylation factor 1 ARF1 Q71L rescued the defective dendrite morphogenesis of ARFGEF2-null neurons, indicating that BIG2 controls dendrite growth and maintenance by activating ARF1. Moreover, BIG2 co-localizes with the Golgi apparatus and is required for Golgi deployment into major dendrites in cultured hippocampal neurons. Simultaneous overexpression of BIG2 and ARF1 activated RhoA, and treatment with the RhoA activator lysophosphatidic acid in neurons lacking BIG2 or ARF1 increased the number of cells with dendritic Golgi, suggesting that BIG2 and ARF1 activate RhoA to promote dendritic Golgi polarization. mDia1 was identified as a downstream effector of BIG2-ARF1-RhoA axis, mediating Golgi polarization and dendritic morphogenesis. Furthermore, in utero electroporation of ARFGEF2 shRNA into the embryonic mouse brain confirmed an in vivo role of BIG2 for Golgi deployment into the apical dendrite. Taken together, our results suggest that BIG2-ARF1-RhoA-mDia1 signaling regulates dendritic Golgi polarization and dendrite growth and maintenance in hippocampal neurons.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2018-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

NUCLEOTIDE-EXCHANGE FACTORS; ADP-RIBOSYLATION FACTORS; MICROTUBULE PLUS ENDS; BREFELDIN-A; PERIVENTRICULAR HETEROTOPIA; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; SECRETORY TRAFFICKING; RECYCLING ENDOSOMES; RHO-GTPASES; MIGRATION

Citation

MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY, v.55, no.10, pp.7701 - 7716

ISSN
0893-7648
DOI
10.1007/s12035-018-0954-7
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/245873
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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