Synergy between Zeolite Framework and Encapsulated Sulfur for Enhanced Ion-Exchange Selectivity to Radioactive Cesium

Cited 4 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 210
  • Download : 0
To eliminate the radioisotope 137Cs+ from contaminated water, various inorganic ion-exchange materials have been developed. Many selective ion-exchange materials are relatively expensive and difficult to prepare, whereas conventional materials such as aluminosilicate zeolites lack ion-exchange selectivity in the presence of competing cations. Here, we report a simple but powerful strategy to significantly increase the Cs+ selectivity of conventional zeolites. We demonstrate that encapsulation of elemental sulfur in the micropores of zeolites (NaA, NaX, chabazite, and mordenite) via vacuum sublimation can remarkably increase the selectivity toward Cs+ in the presence of competing ions. It appears that the elemental sulfur does not provide additional adsorption sites for Cs+ ions but increases the ion-exchange selectivity toward Cs+ by providing additional interaction. Various analyses show that sulfur partially donates its electron to the ion-exchanged Cs+ cations in zeolites, indicating significant Lewis acid–base interaction. According to the hard soft acid base (HSAB) theory, the enhanced Cs+ ion-exchange selectivity can be explained by the fact that sulfur, a soft Lewis base, interacts more strongly with Cs+, which is a softer Lewis acid than other alkali and alkaline earth metal cations. Because of the high intrinsic Cs+ selectivity of bare zeolites and selectivity enhancement resulting from sulfur encapsulation, the sulfur-modified chabazite and mordenite showed highly promising Cs+ capture ability in the presence of various competing ions.
Issue Date
Article Type

CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.30, no.16, pp.5777 - 5785

Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 4 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button


  • mendeley


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0