Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated in psoriatic skin inflammation and acts as a key player in the pathogenesis and progression of this autoimmune disease. Although numerous inhibitors that intervene in STAT3-associated pathways have been tested, an effective, highly specific inhibitor of STAT3 has yet to be identified. Here, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo biological activity and therapeutic efficacy of a high-affinity peptide specific for STAT3 (APTstat3) after topical treatment via intradermal and transcutaneous delivery. Using a preclinical model of psoriasis, we show that intradermal injection of APTstat3 tagged with a 9-arginine cell-penetrating peptide (APTstat3-9R) reduced disease progression and modulated psoriasis-related cytokine signaling through inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation. Furthermore, by complexing APTstat3-9R with specific lipid formulations led to formation of discoidal lipid nanoparticles (DLNPs), we were able to achieve efficient skin penetration of the STAT3-inhibiting peptide after transcutaneous administration, thereby effectively inhibiting psoriatic skin inflammation. Collectively, these findings suggest that DLNP-assisted transcutaneous delivery of a STAT3-inhibiting peptide could be a promising strategy for treating psoriatic skin inflammation without causing adverse systemic events. Moreover, the DLNP system could be used for transdermal delivery of other therapeutic peptides.