Ferrocene-derivatized large pore size mesocellular carbon foam (Fe-MCF-C) has been synthesized using divinylbenzene as a carbon source and mesocellular silica foam as a hard template. Cyclic voltammetric studies demonstrate a relatively faster electron transfer rate of Fe-MCF-C in K(3)Fe(CN)(6)/1 M KNO(3) solution, as compared with pristine mesocellular carbon foam (MCF-C). Such an enhanced electrochemical property is beneficial for improving the cathodic reduction of tri-iodide in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Under 1 sun illumination (100 mW cm(-2), AM 1.5G), Fe-MCF-C counter electrode based DSSC shows an energy conversion efficiency of 7.89%, which is 12% higher than that of solar cell based on pristine MCF-C counter electrode. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.