Characterization of the kinetic properties of La1-xSrxMnO3-δ for solar thermochemical fuel production = 태양 기반 열화학적 연료 생산 반응에서$ La_{1-x}Sr_xMnO_{3-δ}$ 물질의 반응속도론적 특성 분석

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Production of fuel gases (H2 and CO) by solar thermochemical cycles using metal oxide catalysts is emerging as a promising technology, which can be used for generating a transportable and dispatchable chemical fuel. The state-of-the-art material $CeO_2$ (ceria) shows extraordinary performance in these reactions. However, its extremely high reduction temperature to obtain proper amount of oxygen non-stoichiometry is impeding the reactor design and operation. To avoid this problem and lower the operating temperature, perovskite oxides are proposed recently as potential oxygen carrier materials for the solar thermochemical processes, and La1-xSrxMnO3 is now in demand. It is reported that the reduction of this material is favored than ceria at reduced temperatures. However, the oxidation reaction is very sluggish and highly dependent on Sr composition. The main reason for this is predicted to be the surface reactions, but the available data of surface kinetic properties of $La_1-x}Sr_xMnO_3$ are limited in the literature. In this study, we fabricate thin films of $La_{1-x}Sr_xMnO_3-δ$ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) and characterize their $CO_2$ and$ H_2O$ splitting kinetics at operating conditions $(T = 675-750^\circ C, 10^{-17} ≤ pO_2 ≤ 10^{-13})$ using electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR) method. The higher surface reaction kinetics were observed in CO splitting reaction with lower strontium contents under reduced temperature. From these results, the rate limiting step was predicted to be in the forepart of overall surface oxygen exchange reaction. In addition to this, fuel production rate measured by a custom-designed isothermal reaction system showed same Sr concentration dependency as surface reaction kinetics We hereby suggest enhancement of the surface reactivity for the competitiveness of LSM materials along with optimal design of the reaction system and the material’s composition.
Advisors
Jung, WooChulresearcher정우철researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :신소재공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2017
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 신소재공학과, 2017.2,[v, 59 p. :]

Keywords

La1-xSrxMnO3-δ; Solar thermochemical; Electrical conductivity relaxation; Surface reaction kinetics; Chemical fuels; 란타넘-스트론튬 망간산화물; 열화학반응; 전기 전도도 감쇄; 표면 반응 속도; 화학 연료

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/243129
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=675256&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
MS-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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