This paper proposes a two-phase framework to obtain a near-optimal solution of multi-target Lambert rendezvous problem. The objective of the problem is to determine the minimum-cost rendezvous sequence and trajectories to visit a given set of targets within a maximum mission duration. The first phase solves a series of single-target rendezvous problems for all departure-arrival object pairs to generate the elementary solutions, which provides candidate rendezvous trajectories. The second phase formulates a variant of traveling salesman problem (TSP) using the elementary solutions prepared in the first phase and determines the final rendezvous sequence and trajectories of the multi-target rendezvous problem. The validity of the proposed optimization framework is demonstrated through an asteroid exploration case study. (C) 2017 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.