In this paper, we present the simultaneous measurement of the strain and temperature during cures of various composite laminates using fiber Bragg grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (FBG/EFPI) hybrid sensors. The characteristic matrix of the hybrid sensor is derived analytically. For the fabrication of the three types of graphite/epoxy composite laminate, two FBG/EFPI hybrid sensors were embedded in each composite laminate in two mutually perpendicular directions. We performed the real-time measurement of fabrication strains and temperatures at two points within the composite laminates during the curing process in an autoclave. Through these experiments, FBG/EFPI sensors are proven to be a good choice for efficient smart monitoring of composite structures.