Role of work in matter exchange between finite quantum systems

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Close to equilibrium, the exchange of particles and heat between macroscopic systems at different temperatures and different chemical potentials is known to be governed by a matrix of transport coefficients which are positive and symmetric. We investigate the amounts of heat and particles that are exchanged between two small quantum systems within a given time, and find them characterized by a transport matrix which neither needs to be symmetric nor positive. At larger times even spontaneous transport can be observed in the total absence of temperature and chemical potential differences provided that the two systems are different in size. All these deviations from standard transport behavior can be attributed to the fact that work is done on the system in the processes contacting and separating those parts of the system that initially possess different temperatures and chemical potentials. The standard transport properties are recovered for vanishing work and also in the limit of large systems and sufficiently large contact times. The general results are illustrated by an example.
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Issue Date
2017-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CASIMIR RECIPROCAL RELATIONS; IRREVERSIBLE-PROCESSES; THERMODYNAMICS; FLUCTUATIONS

Citation

NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, v.19

ISSN
1367-2630
DOI
10.1088/1367-2630/aa8110
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/226434
Appears in Collection
NT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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