The impacts of science and technology policy interventions on university research: Evidence from the US National Nanotechnology Initiative

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dc.contributor.authorJung, Hyun Juko
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jeongsik Jayko
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-28T05:37:13Z-
dc.date.available2017-03-28T05:37:13Z-
dc.date.created2017-02-10-
dc.date.created2017-02-10-
dc.date.created2017-02-10-
dc.date.issued2014-02-
dc.identifier.citationRESEARCH POLICY, v.43, no.1, pp.74 - 91-
dc.identifier.issn0048-7333-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10203/220768-
dc.description.abstractWe examine how the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a recent U.S. government science and technology (ST) program launched in 2000, affects the nature of university research in nanotechnology. We characterize the NNI as a policy intervention that targets the commercialization of technology and a focused research direction to promote national economic growth. As such, we expect that the NNI has brought about unintended consequences in the direction of university-industry knowledge flows and the characteristics of university research output in nanotechnology. Using a difference-in-differences analysis of U.S. nanotechnology patents filed between 1996 and 2007, we find that, after the NNI, U.S. universities have significantly increased knowledge inflows from the industry, reduced the branching-out to novel technologies, narrowed down the research scope, and become less likely to generate technological breakthroughs, as compared to other U.S. and non-U.S. research institutions. Our findings suggest that, at least in the case of the NNI, targeted government ST programs may increase the efficiency of university research, but potentially do so at a price. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageEnglish-
dc.publisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV-
dc.titleThe impacts of science and technology policy interventions on university research: Evidence from the US National Nanotechnology Initiative-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.wosid000329385100006-
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-84889884100-
dc.type.rimsART-
dc.citation.volume43-
dc.citation.issue1-
dc.citation.beginningpage74-
dc.citation.endingpage91-
dc.citation.publicationnameRESEARCH POLICY-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.respol.2013.07.001-
dc.contributor.localauthorJung, Hyun Ju-
dc.contributor.nonIdAuthorLee, Jeongsik Jay-
dc.description.isOpenAccessN-
dc.type.journalArticleArticle-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorScience and technology-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorUniversity research-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorNanotechnology-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorKnowledge flow-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorNational Nanotechnology Initiative-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorDifference-in-differences estimation-
dc.subject.keywordPlusPATENT CITATIONS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusKNOWLEDGE FLOWS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusINTELLECTUAL PROPERTY-
dc.subject.keywordPlusSPILLOVERS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusINVENTIONS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusINNOVATION-
dc.subject.keywordPlusBIOTECHNOLOGY-
dc.subject.keywordPlusPERFORMANCE-
dc.subject.keywordPlusDIFFUSION-
dc.subject.keywordPlusECONOMICS-
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