Optimization of phage lambda promoter strength for synthetic small regulatory RNA-based metabolic engineering

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Synthetic small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are gene-silencing tools that can be used to tune gene expression in prokaryotes. A recent study by our group proposed rational design principles, introduced a regulatory system that may be used to implement synthetic sRNAs, and showed their utility in metabolic engineering. The regulatory system employed the strong phage lambda P-R promoter to tightly control synthetic sRNA production. Here, we fine-tuned the strength of the P-R promoter via mutagenesis in order to optimize the level of synthetic sRNAs while maintaining the ability of the promoter to be regulated by CI proteins. Five mutant promoters of different strengths, ranging from 24 to 87% of that of the wild-type P-R promoter, were identified and confirmed to be repressed by CI proteins. A mutated promoter with only 40% of the original strength still produced enough synthetic sRNAs to inhibit the translation of the target mRNA to similar to 10% of the original level. As a practical application, we tested our promoters as drivers for a synthetic anti-murE sRNA, which was used to adjust the production of cadaverine. As the promoter strength decreased, the cadaverine titer first increased and then dropped. A mutated promoter with 39% of the original strength achieved the improved cadaverine titer of 2.15 g/L. The mutant promoters developed in this study should prove useful for tuning the expression levels of synthetic sRNAs for metabolic engineering
Publisher
KOREAN SOC BIOTECHNOLOGY & BIOENGINEERING
Issue Date
2016-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING, v.21, no.4, pp.483 - 490

ISSN
1226-8372
DOI
10.1007/s12257-016-0245-y
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/214003
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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