Mechanical property enhancement of ultra-thin PBI membrane by electron beam irradiation for PEM fuel cell

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The ultra-thin cross-linked PBI membrane containing phosphoric acid (PA) for possible use in a fuel cell was prepared by electron beam irradiation method. The preparation procedure involved two steps: (a) irradiation of PBI membranes (PBI-1, PBI-2 and PBI-3) by an electron beam with increased dose energy and (b) doping the irradiated membranes with PA. These membranes were characterized in terms of mechanical properties, chemical and thermal stability were evaluated using Universal Testing machine, Ultraviolet visible spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. Compared to the pristine PBI membrane of thickness 20 gm, the cross-linked PBI membranes show much better mechanical properties and improved chemical and thermal stability. In addition, the tensile strength of the cross-linked PBI membranes with PA ranges from 19 MPa to 27 MPa, which is higher than that of the pristine PBI membrane with PA (14 MPa). Besides these, the fuel cell performance of the PBI-1 is similar to that of the pristine PBI membrane of thickness 20 gm, but higher than common used PBI membrane of thickness 40 gm. The overall results suggest that the membrane has a great potential for possible application in high temperature PEM fuel cell. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2016-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CROSS-LINKED POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE; ACID; BLENDS

Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.41, no.22, pp.9556 - 9562

ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.04.111
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212119
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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