Nuclear factor IA is expressed in astrocytomas and is associated with improved survival

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Nuclear factor IA (NFIA) is a transcription factor that specifies glial cell identity and promotes astrocyte differentiation during embryonic development. Its expression and function in gliomas are not known. Here, we examined NFIA protein expression in gliomas and its association with clinical outcome in pediatric malignant astrocytomas. We analyzed expression of NFIA by immunohistochemistry in 88 existing glioma specimens from Childrens Hospital Los Angeles and the University of Southern California. Association between NFIA expression and progression-free survival (PFS) was examined in high-grade astrocytomas for which clinical data were available (n = 23, all children). NFIA was highly expressed in astrocytomas of all grades, but only in a minority of cells in oligodendroglial tumors. NFIA was expressed on a higher percentage of tumor cells in low-grade astrocytomas (91 +/- 5% and 77 +/- 14% in World Health Organization [WHO] I and II, respectively) compared with high-grade astrocytomas (48 +/- 18% and 37 +/- 16% in WHO III and IV, respectively; P <.001, low- vs high-grade astrocytomas). There was a significant association between NFIA expression and PFS in children with astrocytoma WHO grade Ell or IV (Cox regression P=.019; logrank trend test for NFIA tertiles P=.0040 and NFIA quartiles P =.014). The association was not consistently significant in this small series of patients after adjustment was made for WHO grade M or IV. This is the first study to demonstrate expression of NFIA protein in astrocytomas and its association with grades of astrocytoma and PFS, suggesting that NFIA may play a role in astrocytoma biology
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
Issue Date
2010-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GENE-EXPRESSION; DIFFUSE GLIOMAS; TRANSCRIPTION; BRAIN; NFIA; P53; IDENTIFICATION; ACTIVATION; APOPTOSIS; RESECTION

Citation

NEURO-ONCOLOGY, v.12, no.2, pp.122 - 132

ISSN
1522-8517
DOI
10.1093/neuonc/nop044
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/211914
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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